Cerita itu

Penjenayah perang Nazi dihukum mati


Di Nuremberg, Jerman, 10 pegawai Nazi berpangkat tinggi dihukum mati dengan hukuman gantung atas jenayah mereka terhadap kemanusiaan, kejahatan terhadap keamanan, dan jenayah perang semasa Perang Dunia II.

Dua minggu sebelumnya, 10 orang itu didapati bersalah oleh Tribunal Jenayah Perang Antarabangsa dan dijatuhkan hukuman mati bersama dua pegawai Nazi yang lain. Antara yang dijatuhkan hukuman gantung adalah Joachim von Ribbentrop, menteri luar negeri Nazi; Hermann Göring, pengasas Gestapo dan ketua tentera udara Jerman; Wilhelm Frick, menteri dalaman; dan Alfred Rosenberg, ketua Kementerian Reich untuk Wilayah Timur yang Diduduki. Yang lain, termasuk Rudolf Hess, mantan wakil Adolf Hitler, dijatuhi hukuman penjara antara 10 tahun hingga seumur hidup. Tiga yang lain dibebaskan.

Perbicaraan, yang telah berlangsung hampir 10 bulan, dilakukan oleh sebuah pengadilan antarabangsa yang terdiri dari perwakilan dari Amerika Serikat, Uni Soviet, Perancis, dan Great Britain. Ini adalah perbicaraan pertama seumpamanya dalam sejarah, dan para terdakwa menghadapi tuduhan mulai dari jenayah terhadap perdamaian, hingga jenayah perang dan jenayah terhadap kemanusiaan. Pada 16 Oktober, 10 arkitek dasar Nazi digantung satu demi satu. Hermann Göring, yang ketika dijatuhkan hukuman disebut sebagai "penyerang perang terkemuka dan pencipta program penindasan terhadap orang-orang Yahudi," mati akibat bunuh diri dengan racun pada malam pelaksanaannya yang dijadualkan. Pemimpin Parti Nazi Martin Bormann dihukum mati dalam keadaan tidak hadir; dia kini diketahui telah meninggal dunia di Berlin pada akhir perang.


    - Bersalah, dihukum tanpa hadir hingga mati dengan menggantung. Kemudian terbukti dia bunuh diri untuk mengelakkan penangkapan pada akhir Perang Dunia II di Eropah, dan penemuan yang dijumpai pada tahun 1972 terbukti sebagai Bormann dengan ujian forensik pada tengkorak pada tahun 1998. Walaupun begitu, Simon Wiesenthal, Hugh Thomas dan Reinhard Gehlen enggan terimalah ini. Gehlen seterusnya berpendapat bahawa Bormann adalah ejen kembar Rusia 'Sasha'. - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun. - Bersalah, dihukum mati dengan cara menggantung - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati dengan cara menggantung - Diterima. Diadili, disabitkan dan dijatuhkan hukuman penjara sembilan tahun oleh mahkamah denazifikasi Jerman Barat yang berasingan. Dibebaskan pada September 1950. - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup, dibebaskan pada tahun 1957 kerana kesihatannya yang buruk. - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati dengan menggantung tetapi membunuh diri dengan memakan sianida beberapa jam sebelum hukuman dijatuhkan. - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup, bunuh diri di penjara pada tahun 1987. - Bersalah, dihukum mati dengan cara menggantung. Henri Donnedieu de Vabres menyebut keputusan itu sebagai kesalahan pada tahun 1947. Pada tahun 1953, mahkamah denazifikasi membalikkan keputusan tersebut dan mendapati Jodl tidak bersalah. Dalam beberapa bulan, keputusan mahkamah denazifikasi itu sendiri dibatalkan. Harta miliknya, dirampas pada tahun 1946, dikembalikan kepada janda. - Bersalah, dihukum mati dengan cara menggantung. - Bersalah, dihukum mati dengan cara menggantung. - Tidak sesuai untuk percubaan. - Bunuh diri sebelum perbicaraannya dimulakan. - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun (dibebaskan 1954 atas alasan kesihatan yang buruk). - Diperolehi. Diadili, disabitkan dan dijatuhkan hukuman penjara lapan tahun oleh mahkamah denazifikasi Jerman Barat yang berasingan. Dibebaskan atas rayuan pada tahun 1949. - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup (dibebaskan pada tahun 1955 atas alasan kesihatan). - Bersalah, dihukum mati dengan cara menggantung. - Bersalah, dihukum mati dengan cara menggantung. - Bersalah, dihukum mati dengan cara menggantung. - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun. - Bersalah, dihukum mati dengan cara menggantung. - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun. - Bersalah, dihukum mati dengan cara menggantung.

Suntingan Percubaan Doktor

    - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun, berubah menjadi 10 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun, diganti 10 tahun - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dihukum mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah , dihukum penjara seumur hidup, diganti 15 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup, diganti 20 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup, diganti 20 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman hingga mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun, ditukar menjadi 10 tahun - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun (diganti dengan masa yang diserahkan pada tahun 1951) [de] - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dihukum penjara seumur hidup, diganti dengan 20 tahun - Dibebaskan - Dibebaskan - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup, diganti 15 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Dibebaskan

Suntingan Percubaan Milch

Suntingan Perbicaraan Hakim

    - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara lima tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun - Dibebaskan - Dibebaskan - Tidak layak untuk dibicarakan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman 10 tahun 'penjara - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara tujuh tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup - Bunuh diri selepas dia dakwaan tetapi sebelum permulaan perbicaraannya

Suntingan Percubaan Pohl

    - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun, bertukar menjadi 15 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, diganti dengan penjara sembilan tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman hingga 25 tahun penjara, berubah menjadi 15 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup, bertukar menjadi 15 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup, diganti hingga 20 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951) - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, bertukar menjadi 15 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup, diganti 20 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah , dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951) - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, diganti dengan penjara 20 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951) - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman 10 tahun 'penjara, berubah menjadi 8 yea rs

Suntingan Percubaan Flick

    - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara tujuh tahun, tetapi kemudian dibebaskan oleh John J. McCloy setelah tiga tahun - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara lima tahun, tetapi meninggal di penjara pada tahun 1949 - Dikeluarkan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman dua- dan penjara setengah tahun

Suntingan Percubaan IG Farben

    - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara lapan tahun - Diputuskan tidak layak untuk dibicarakan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara dua tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara enam tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara lapan tahun - Dibebaskan - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman dua tahun penjara - Dicabut - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara tiga tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara satu setengah tahun - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara enam tahun - Bersalah, dihukum satu -dan setengah tahun penjara - Dibebaskan - Dibebaskan - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara dua tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara empat tahun - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dihukum penjara dua setengah tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara tujuh tahun - Dibebaskan

Suntingan Percubaan Hostages

    - Bunuh diri - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 17 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun, diganti menjadi 10 tahun - Dibebaskan - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup (dibebaskan atas alasan perubatan pada tahun 1953) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 12 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup (dibebaskan atas alasan perubatan pada tahun 1952) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun (dibebaskan atas alasan perubatan pada tahun 1951) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun, diganti menjadi 10 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951) - Diputuskan tidak layak untuk diadili

Edit percubaan RuSHA

    - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun - Bersalah, dibebaskan setelah penghakiman kerana masa yang telah dijatuhkan - Bersalah, dihukum penjara seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 25 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman hingga 25 tahun penjara - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun - Bersalah, dibebaskan setelah penghakiman kerana masa yang telah dijatuhkan - Bersalah meminta banduan Yahudi dan meracuni tahanan Yahudi di Auschwitz. - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun - Bersalah, dibebaskan setelah penghakiman kerana masa sudah dijatuhkan - Bersalah, dibebaskan setelah penghakiman kerana masa sudah dijatuhkan - Bersalah, dibebaskan setelah penghakiman kerana waktu yang telah dijatuhkan - Dibebaskan

Suntingan Percubaan Einsatzgruppen

    - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, diganti seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 25 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, tetapi kerana kegilaan, dihukum seumur hidup di hospital mental. (kemudian melarikan diri dan tidak pernah dijumpai lagi) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun, berubah menjadi lapan tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun - Bunuh diri - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup, berubah menjadi 10 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, diganti seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup, diganti hingga 10 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup. (Dilarikan) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, diganti seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951) - Diputuskan tidak layak untuk diadili - Bersalah, dijatuhi hukuman penjara 10 tahun ( dibebaskan pada tahun 1951) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, diganti dengan hukuman penjara seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun, diganti menjadi 15 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, diganti hingga 15 tahun penjara - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun, bertukar menjadi 15 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, diganti menjadi 20 tahun penjara - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, meninggal di hospital ketika menderita serangan epilepsi

Suntingan Percubaan Krupp

    - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 12 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara sembilan tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun - Bersalah, dihukum penjara sembilan tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun - Bersalah, dihukum penjara enam tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 12 tahun ditambah dengan kehilangan harta benda. Dibebaskan oleh John J. McCloy 1951, dan harta miliknya dikembalikan kepadanya - Bersalah, dihukum dua tahun, 10 bulan penjara - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara enam tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara tujuh tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman hingga 12 tahun penjara - Dibebaskan

Suntingan Percubaan Kementerian

    - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 25 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara lima tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara tujuh tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1950) - Bersalah, dijatuhi hukuman penjara tujuh tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1950 Dibebaskan [de] - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951) - Bersalah, dihukum penjara 10 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951) - Bersalah, dijatuhi hukuman penjara 15 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951) - Bersalah , dihukum penjara 10 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951) - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dihukum penjara tujuh tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1950) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman 15 tahun ' penjara (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara lima tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara tujuh tahun - Bersalah, dibebaskan setelah penghakiman kerana masa yang telah dijatuhkan - Bersalah, dijatuhi hukuman penjara enam tahun - Bersalah, dibebaskan selepas penghakiman kerana kesesuaian masa dy menjalani hukuman - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951) - Bersalah, dihukum penjara tujuh tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1950 oleh John J. McCloy) - Bersalah, dijatuhi hukuman penjara tujuh tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951)

Edit Percubaan Arahan Tinggi

    - Bunuh diri - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara lima tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1949) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1954) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun, berubah menjadi 12 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1953 pada alasan perubatan) - Bersalah, dibebaskan setelah penghakiman kerana masa yang telah dijalani. - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara tujuh tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup (dibebaskan pada tahun 1954) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1952) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun, mati di penjara pada tahun 1949 - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun, berubah menjadi 12 tahun - Dibebaskan - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dihukum penjara seumur hidup (dibebaskan pada tahun 1954) - Bersalah, dijatuhi hukuman penjara lapan tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1951)
    - Bersalah, dihukum mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, diganti seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman seumur hidup penjara - Bersalah, dihukum penjara lima tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dihukum tiga tahun 'penjara - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 25 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, diganti dengan penjara seumur hidup - Bersalah, dihukum penjara 15 tahun - Bersalah, dihukum mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup - Bersalah, dihukum d eath - Bersalah, dihukum mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun
    - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup ditambah lapan tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup. - Bersalah, dihukum seumur hidup ditambah lima tahun penjara - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara empat tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara sembilan tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara lima tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara tujuh tahun - Bersalah, dihukum penjara tiga setengah tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara tujuh tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman seumur hidup ditambah 15 tahun penjara - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman hingga tiga tahun tiga bulan penjara - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 14 tahun - Dibebaskan - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dijatuhi hukuman penjara empat setengah tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara enam tahun - Bersalah, dihukum penjara empat setengah tahun - Dibebaskan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun - Tuduhan dijatuhkan kerana kekurangan bukti.

Suntingan Dachau

Perbicaraan pembunuhan beramai-ramai (harap maklum bahawa ini adalah ayat asli yang banyak diubah kemudian)

  • Bersin, Valentin
  • Bode, Friedel
  • Braun, Willi
  • Briesemeister, Kurt
  • Christ, Friedrich - dihukum mati
  • Clotten, Roman
  • Coblenz, Manfred - dijatuhkan hukuman mati - dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup
  • Eckmann, Fritz
  • Fischer, Arndt - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Friedrichs, Heinz
  • Gebauer, Fritz
  • Godicke, Heinz
  • Goldschmidt, Ernst
  • Gruhle, Hans
  • Hammerer, Maks
  • Hecht, Armin
  • Hendel, Willi - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Hennecke, Hans
  • Hillig, Hans
  • Hoffmann, Heinz
  • Hoffmann, Joachim - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Huber, Hubert
  • Jaekel, Siegfried
  • Junker, Benoni
  • Kies, Friedel - dijatuhkan hukuman mati - dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup
  • Kotzur, Georg - dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun
  • Klingelhoefer, Oskar
  • Kuehn, Werner
  • Diam, Erich
  • Mikolaschek, Arnold
  • Motzheim, Anton
  • Meunkemer, Erich
  • Neve, Gustav
  • Ochmann, Paul Hermann - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Pletz, Hans
  • Preuss, Georg - dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun
  • Rau, Fritz
  • Rauh, Theo
  • Rehagel, Heinz
  • Reiser, Rolf
  • Richter, Wolfgang
  • Rieder, Max
  • Ritzer, Rolf
  • Rodenburg, Axel
  • Rumpf, Erich
  • Schaefer, Willi
  • Von Schamier, Willi
  • Schwambach, Rudolf - Doktor kem Dachau, dijatuhkan hukuman mati kerana melakukan eksperimen rawatan malaria ke atas tahanan.
  • Sickel, Kurt
  • Siegmund, Oswald
  • Sievers, Franz
  • Siptrott, Hans
  • Sprenger, Gustac
  • Sternebeck, Werner
  • Heinz Stickel - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Saham, Herbert
  • Erwin Szyperski - dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup
  • Tomczak, Edmund
  • Heinz Tomhardt - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Tonk, Ogos
  • Trettin, Hans
  • Wassenberger, Johann
  • Weis, Guenther
  • Werner, Erich
  • Wichmann, Otto
  • Zwigart, Paul

Buchenwald Sunting

    - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, diganti dengan hukuman penjara lima tahun - Bersalah, dihukum mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah , dihukum mati - Bersalah, dihukum mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, mati di penjara - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, diganti seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, diganti penjara seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, diganti penjara seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, diganti dengan hukuman penjara seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, diganti dengan penjara seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, diganti dengan penjara seumur hidup - Bersalah , dihukum mati, diganti seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, diganti seumur hidup - Bersalah, dihukum mati, diganti seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati, diganti 20 tahun - Bersalah , dihukum penjara seumur hidup Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup, berubah menjadi 20 tahun
  • Werner Greunuss - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup, berubah menjadi 20 tahun
  • Dr. Edwin Katzenellenbogen - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup, tetapi membunuh diri pada tahun 1967 - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun
  • Dr. Arthur Dietzsch - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun, diganti menjadi lima tahun
  • Dr. August Bender - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun, berubah menjadi tiga tahun

Suntingan Mauthausen

    - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung (Gusen) - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung (DEST-Wienergraben) - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung (Gusen) - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung Willy Frey - kematian dengan menggantung (DEST-Gusen) - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung Rudolf Fiegl (Gusen) - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung (Gusen II) - kematian dengan menggantung (Gusen II) - kematian dengan menggantung ( DEST-Gusen) - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian dengan menggantung - kematian oleh gantung - mati dengan menggantung (Gusen) - mati dengan menggantung (Gusen) - mati dengan menggantung (diubah menjadi penjara seumur hidup) - mati dengan menggantung (diubah menjadi penjara seumur hidup) (Gusen) - kematian dengan menggantung (diubah menjadi penjara seumur hidup) (Gusen II) - kematian dengan cara menggantung (diubah menjadi penjara seumur hidup) (Gusen II) - kematian dengan cara menggantung (diubah menjadi penjara seumur hidup) (Gusen II) - kematian dengan cara menggantung (diubah menjadi penjara seumur hidup) (Gusen) - kematian dengan menggantung (diubah menjadi penjara seumur hidup) (Gusen) - kematian dengan gantung (diubah menjadi penjara seumur hidup) (Gusen) - kematian dengan cara gantung (diubah menjadi penjara seumur hidup) - penjara seumur hidup (Gusen) - penjara seumur hidup - penjara seumur hidup

Flossenbürg Edit

  • Konrad Blomberg - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Christian Mohr - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Ludwig Schwarz - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Bruno Skierka - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Albert Roller - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Erhard Wolf - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Josef Wurst - dijatuhkan hukuman mati - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Josef Hauser - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Christian Eisbusch - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Willi Olschewski - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Ogos Ginschel - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Wilhelm Brusch - dijatuhkan hukuman mati, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup
  • Karl Keiling - dijatuhi hukuman mati, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup
  • Alois Schubert - dijatuhkan hukuman mati, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup
  • Ludwig Buddensieg - penjara seumur hidup
  • Johann Geisberger - penjara seumur hidup
  • Michael Gelhard - penjara seumur hidup - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Hermann Pachen - penjara seumur hidup
  • Erich Penz - penjara seumur hidup
  • Josef Pinter - penjara seumur hidup
  • Alois Jakubith - penjara seumur hidup
  • Karl Mathoi - penjara seumur hidup
  • Georg Weilbach - penjara seumur hidup
  • Raymond Maurer - 30 tahun penjara
  • Gerhard Haubold - 20 tahun penjara
  • Eduard Losch - Penjara 20 tahun
  • Walter Reupsch - penjara 20 tahun
  • Kurt Erich Schreiber - 20 tahun penjara
  • Hermann Sommerfeld - penjara 15 tahun
  • Ogos Fahrnbauer - 15 tahun penjara
  • Peter Bongartz - penjara 15 tahun
  • Walter Paul Adolf Neye - penjara 15 tahun
  • Hans Johann Lipinski - 10 tahun penjara
  • Gustav Matzke - 10 tahun penjara
  • Karl Gräber - penjara 10 tahun
  • Franz Berger - penjara 3½ tahun
  • Joseph Becker - penjara 1 tahun
  • Karl Buttner - Diterima
  • Karl Friedrich Alois Gieselmann - Diperolehi
  • Georg Hoinisch - Diperolehi
  • Theodor Retzlaff - Diperolehi
  • Peter Herz - Diakui

Suntingan Mühldorf

  • Franz Auer - dijatuhkan hukuman mati - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Wilhelm Jergas - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Herbert Spaeth - dihukum mati
  • Otto Sperling - dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Heinrich Engelhardt - penjara seumur hidup - penjara seumur hidup
  • Karl Gickeleiter - 20 tahun penjara
  • Wilhelm Griesinger - penjara 20 tahun
  • Jakob Schmidberger - 20 tahun penjara
  • Daniel Gottschling - penjara 15 tahun
  • Wilhelm Bayha - 10 tahun penjara
  • Karl Bachmann - Diterima
  • Anton Ostermann - Diakui

Dora-Nordhaussen Sunting

    - Kematian dengan Menggantung. - penjara seumur hidup - penjara seumur hidup - penjara seumur hidup - penjara seumur hidup - penjara seumur hidup - penjara seumur hidup - 25 tahun penjara - 20 tahun penjara - 20 tahun penjara - 20 tahun penjara - 7 tahun penjara - 5 tahun ' penjara - penjara 5 tahun - Dibebaskan - Dibebaskan - Dibebaskan - Dibebaskan
    - Bersalah, dihukum mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Untuk maklumat mengenai sembilan orang Jerman lain yang dihukum mati kerana jenayah perang mereka di Belsen, lihat Percubaan Belsen.
    - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati Dr Bruno Kitt - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Johann Reese - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Willy Warnke - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • SS Dr Alfred Trzebinski - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Heinrich Ruge - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Wilhem Bahr - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Andreas Brems - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Wilhelm Dreimann - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Adolf Speck - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati
  • Karl Totzauer - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun
  • Karl Wiedemann - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun
  • Walter Kümmel - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun
    - Bersalah, dihukum mati - Bersalah, dihukum mati. Dijalankan pada 1 Jun 1946 - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati. Dijalankan pada 1 Jun 1946 - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati
    - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup (dibebaskan pada tahun 1955) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup (dibebaskan pada tahun 1955) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup (dibebaskan pada tahun 1955) - Bersalah, dijatuhi hukuman penjara seumur hidup ( dibebaskan pada tahun 1955) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup (dibebaskan pada tahun 1955) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup (dibebaskan pada tahun 1955) - Bersalah, dijatuhi hukuman penjara seumur hidup (dibebaskan di 1955) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup (mati di penjara pada tahun 1950) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Meninggal kerana sebab semula jadi semasa perbicaraan - Bersalah, dihukum penjara seumur hidup (dibebaskan pada tahun 1955 - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Meninggal kerana sebab semula jadi semasa perbicaraan - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup (dibebaskan pada tahun 1955) - Diputuskan tidak layak untuk dibicarakan setelah menderita penyakit mental - Bersalah, dijatuhi hukuman penjara seumur hidup (r Eleased pada tahun 1955) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup (dibebaskan pada tahun 1955) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara tujuh tahun (dibebaskan pada tahun 1950) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup (dibebaskan pada tahun 1955) - Bersalah, dijatuhi hukuman penjara seumur hidup ( mati di penjara pada tahun 1949) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup (dibebaskan pada tahun 1955) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun (mati di penjara pada tahun 1949) - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman mati - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara seumur hidup (dibebaskan di 1955)

Percubaan lain diadakan di berbagai lokasi di Timur Jauh, oleh Amerika Syarikat, Australia, China, United Kingdom, dan negara-negara Sekutu lainnya. Secara keseluruhan, sejumlah 920 anggota tentera dan tentera laut Jepun dan orang awam dieksekusi setelah Perang Dunia II. [1]

    - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 15 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 25 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 12 tahun - Bersalah, dihukum penjara dua tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 25 tahun - Bersalah, dihukum 25 tahun penjara - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 25 tahun - Bersalah, dihukum penjara 18 tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun - Bersalah, dihukum penjara tiga tahun - Bersalah, dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 20 tahun

Suntingan Austria

    (16 Julai 1919 - 19 April 1999) - diekstradisi dari Amerika Syarikat ke Jerman Barat pada tahun 1973. Dibebaskan dari penjara pada tahun 1996 - dihukum mati pada 13 September 1946 kerana melakukan jenayah perang.

Edit Bahasa Croatia

Edit Bahasa Denmark

    - (1921–2015) Anggota Parti Nazi Denmark, yang melarikan diri dari Denmark ke Jerman setelah perang, dan kemudian menjadi warga negara Jerman. Pada 21 September 2006, Kam ditahan di bandar Kempten im Allgäu di Jerman. Dia dikehendaki di Denmark kerana pembunuhan editor akhbar Denmark Carl Henrik Clemmensen di Copenhagen pada bulan Ogos 1943.

Suntingan Belanda

    , dijatuhkan hukuman penjara 10 tahun dan denda 100,000 guild kerana jenayah perang pada tahun 1980, dibebaskan pada tahun 1986, meninggal 1987.

Kolaborator penting Belanda yang dijatuhkan hukuman oleh mahkamah khas di Belanda berkaitan dengan Perang Dunia Kedua. Terdapat 14.562 hukuman yang dijatuhkan oleh mahkamah khas, dan 49.920 hukuman oleh mahkamah. Mahkamah khas menjatuhkan hukuman penjara lebih dari 10,000 kes dalam masa 3 tahun atau lebih, dan dalam 152 kes menjatuhkan hukuman mati ke atas orang yang bersalah, kebanyakannya dijatuhkan hukuman seumur hidup atau kurang. Mahkamah lain memutuskan dalam 30,784 kes untuk tahanan 1 hingga 10 tahun dan dalam 38,984 kes kehilangan hak sivil tertentu.


KINGSBURY SMITH / Perkhidmatan Berita Antarabangsa 16oct1946

Pada 1 Oktober 1946, Tribunal Tentera Antarabangsa di Nuremberg menyampaikan keputusannya, setelah 216 sesi pengadilan. Dari dua puluh empat orang terdakwa yang asal, dua belas (termasuk Martin Bormann, dibicarakan secara tidak hadir) dihukum mati dengan cara menggantung. Pengarang akaun ini, Kingsbury Smith dari International News Service, dipilih secara banyak untuk mewakili akhbar Amerika pada pelaksanaannya.

Hermann Wilhelm Goering menipu tiang keadilan Sekutu dengan bunuh diri di sel penjara tidak lama sebelum sepuluh pemimpin Nazi yang dihukum gantung di Nuremberg gaol. Dia menelan sianida yang disembunyikannya di cangkang kartrij tembaga, sambil berbaring di atas katil di selnya.

Seorang lelaki nombor dua dalam hierarki Nazi mati dua jam sebelum dijadualkan dijatuhkan melalui pintu perangkap tiang gantung yang didirikan di gimnasium kecil yang terang di halaman gaol, 35 meter dari blok sel di mana dia menghabiskan hari-hari terakhirnya yang memalukan.

Joachim von Ribbentrop, menteri luar negeri dalam rejim Adolf Hitler yang tidak bernasib baik, mengambil tempat Goering & # 8217 sebagai yang pertama di perancah.

Arthur Seyss-Inquart, mantan yang terakhir menjalani kehidupan ini dalam jangka masa hampir dua jam Gauleiter Belanda dan Austria.

Di antara kedua pemimpin yang pernah berkuasa ini, tiang gantungan mendakwa, dalam perintah bernama, Field Marshall Wilhelm Keitel Ernst Kaltenbrunner, yang pernah menjadi ketua polis keselamatan Nazi & # 8217 Alfred Rosenberg, pendeta budaya Nazi di negara asing Hans Frank Gauleiter dari Poland Wilhem Frank, menteri dalaman Nazi Fritz Sauckel, bos buruh hamba Kolonel Jeneral Alfred Jodl dan Julius Streicher, yang menjadi pemimpin gerakan anti-Semitisme Hitler Reich.

Ketika mereka menuju ke tiang gantungan, kebanyakan dari sepuluh berusaha menunjukkan keberanian. Ada yang menentang dan ada yang mengundurkan diri dan ada yang memohon belas kasihan kepada Yang Mahakuasa.

Semua kecuali Rosenberg membuat pernyataan ringkas dan terakhir pada perancah. Tetapi satu-satunya yang merujuk kepada Hitler atau ideologi Nazi pada saat-saat terakhirnya adalah Julius Streicher.

Three black-painted wooden scaffolds stood inside the gymnasium, a room approximately 33 feet wide by 80 feet long with plaster walls in which cracks showed. The gymnasium had been used only three days before by the American security guards for a basketball game. Two gallows were used alternately. The third was a spare for use if needed. The men were hanged one at a time, but to get the executions over with quickly, the military police would bring in the man while the prisoner who proceeded him still was dangling at the end of the rope.

The ten once great men in Hitler’s Reich that was to have lasted for a thousand years walked up thirteen wooden steps to a platform eight feet high which also was eight square feet.

Ropes were suspended from a crossbeam supported on two posts. A new one was used for each man.

When the trap was sprung, the victim dropped from sight in the interior of the scaffolding. The bottom of it was boarded up with wood on three sides and shielded by a dark canvas curtain on the fourth, so that no one saw the death struggles of the men dangling with broken necks.

Von Ribbentrop entered the execution chamber at 1.11 a.m. Nuremberg time.

He was stopped immediately inside the door by two Army sergeants who closed in on each side of him and held his arms, while another sergeant who had followed him in removed manacles from his hands and replaced them with a leather strap.

It was planned originally to permit the condemned men to walk from their cells to the execution chamber with their hands free, but all were manacled following Goering’s suicide.

Von Ribbentrop was able to maintain his apparent stoicism to the last. He walked steadily toward the scaffold between his two guards, but he did not answer at first when an officer standing at the foot of the gallows went through the formality of asking his name. When the query was repeated he almost shouted, ‘Joachim von Ribbentrop!’ and then mounted the steps without any sign of hesitation.

When he was turned around on the platform to face the witnesses, he seemed to clench his teeth and raise his head with the old arrogance. When asked whether he had any final message he said, ‘God protect Germany,’ in German, and then added, ‘May I say something else?’

The interpreter nodded and the former diplomatic wizard of Nazidom spoke his last words in loud, firm tones: ‘My last wish is that Germany realize its entity and that an understanding be reached between the East and the West. I wish peace to the world.’

As the black hood was placed in position on his head, Von Ribbentrop looked straight ahead.

Then the hangman adjusted the rope, pulled the lever, and Von Ribbentrop slipped away to his fate.

Field Marshall Keitel, who was immediately behind Von Ribbentrop in the order of executions, was the first military leader to be executed under the new concept of international law – the principle that professional soldiers cannot escape punishment for waging aggressive wars and permitting crimes against humanity with the claim they were dutifully carrying out orders of superiors.

Keitel entered the chamber two minutes after the trap had dropped beneath Von Ribbentrop, while the latter still was at the end of his rope. But Von Ribbentrop’s body was concealed inside the first scaffold all that could be seen was the taut rope.

Keitel did not appear as tense as Von Ribbentrop. He held his head high while his hands were being tied and walked erect towards the gallows with a military bearing. When asked his name he responded loudly and mounted the gallows as he might have mounted a reviewing stand to take a salute from German armies.

He certainly did not appear to need the help of guards who walked alongside, holding his arms. When he turned around atop the platform he looked over the crowd with the iron-jawed haughtiness of a proud Prussian officer. His last words, uttered in a full, clear voice, were translated as ‘I call on God Almighty to have mercy on the German people. More than 2 million German soldiers went to their death for the fatherland before me. I follow now my sons – all for Germany.’

After his blackbooted, uniformed body plunged through the trap, witnesses agreed Keitel had shown more courage on the scaffold than in the courtroom, where he had tried to shift his guilt upon the ghost of Hitler, claiming that all was the Führer’s fault and that he merely carried out orders and had no responsibility.

With both von Ribbentrop and Keitel hanging at the end of their rope there was a pause in the proceedings. The American colonel directing the executions asked the American general representing the United States on the Allied Control Commission if those present could smoke. An affirmative answer brought cigarettes into the hands of almost every one of the thirty-odd persons present. Officers and GIs walked around nervously or spoke a few words to one another in hushed voices while Allied correspondents scribbled furiously their notes on this historic though ghastly event.

In a few minutes an American army doctor accompanied by a Russian army doctor and both carrying stethoscopes walked to the first scaffold, lifted the curtain and disappeared within.

They emerged at 1.30 a.m. and spoke to an American colonel. The colonel swung around and facing official witnesses snapped to attention to say, ‘The man is dead.’

Two GIs quickly appeared with a stretcher which was carried up and lifted into the interior of the scaffold. The hangman mounted the gallows steps, took a large commando-type knife out of a sheath strapped to his side and cut the rope.

Von Ribbentrop’s limp body with the black hood still over his head was removed to the far end of the room and placed behind a black canvas curtain. This had all taken less than ten minutes.

The directing colonel turned to the witnesses and said, ‘Cigarettes out, please, gentlemen.’ Another colonel went out the door and over to the condemned block to fetch the next man. this was Ernst Kaltenbrunner. He entered the execution chamber at 1.36 a.m., wearing a sweater beneath his blue double-breasted coat. With his lean haggard face furrowed by old dueling scars, this terrible successor to Reinhard Heydrick had a frightening look as he glanced around the room.

He wet his lips apparently in nervousness as he turned to mount the gallows, but he walked steadily. He answered his name in a calm, low voice. When he turned around on the gallows platform he first faced a United States Army Roman Catholic chaplain wearing a Franciscan habit. When Kaltenbrunner was invited to make a last statement, he said, ‘I have loved my German people and my fatherland with a warm heart. I have done my duty by the laws of my people and I am sorry my people were led this time by men who were not soldiers and that crimes were committed of which I had no knowledge.’

This was the man, one of whose agents – a man named Rudolf Hoess – confessed at a trial that under Kaltenbrunner’s orders he gassed 3 million human beings at the Auschwitz concentration camp!

As the black hood was raised over his head Kaltenbrunner, still speaking in a low voice, used a German phrase which translated means, ‘Germany, good luck.’

His trap was sprung at 1.39 a.m.

Field Marshal Keitel was pronounced dead at 1.44 a.m. and three minutes later guards had removed his body. The scaffold was made ready for Alfred Rosenberg.

Rosenberg was dull and sunken-cheeked as he looked around the court. His complexion was pasty-brown, but he did not appear nervous and walked with a steady step to and up the gallows.

Apart from giving his name and replying ‘no’ to a question as to whether he had anything to say, he did not utter a word. Despite his avowed atheism he was accompanied by a Protestant chaplain who followed him to the gallows and stood beside him praying.

Rosenberg looked at the chaplain once, expressionless. Ninety seconds after he was swinging from the end of a hangman’s rope. His was the swiftest execution of the ten.

There was a brief lull in the proceedings until Kaltenbrunner was pronounced dead at 1.52 a.m.

Hans Frank was next in the parade of death. He was the only one of the condemned to enter the chamber with a smile on his countenance.

Although nervous and swallowing frequently, this man, who was converted to Roman Catholicism after his arrest, gave the appearance of being relieved at the prospect of atoning for his evil deeds.

He answered to his name quietly and when asked for any last statement, he replied in a low voice that was almost a whisper, ‘I am thankful for the kind of treatment during my captivity and I ask God to accept me with mercy.’

Frank closed his eyes and swallowed as the black hood went over his head.

The sixth man to leave his prison cell and walk with handcuffed wrists to the death house was 69-year-old Wilhelm Frick. He entered the execution chamber at 2.05 a.m., six minutes after Rosenberg had been pronounced dead. He seemed the least steady of any so far and stumbled on the thirteenth step of the gallows. His only words were, ‘Long live eternal Germany,’ before he was hooded and dropped through the trap.

Julius Streicher made his melodramatic appearance at 2.12 a.m.

While his manacles were being removed and his bare hands bound, this ugly, dwarfish little man, wearing a threadbare suit and a well-worn bluish shirt buttoned to the neck but without a tie (he was notorious during his days of power for his flashy dress), glanced at the three wooden scaffolds rising menacingly in front of him. Then he glanced around the room, his eyes resting momentarily upon the small group of witnesses. By this time, his hands were tied securely behind his back. Two guards, one on each arm, directed him to Number One gallows on the left of the entrance. He walked steadily the six feet to the first wooden step but his face was twitching.

As the guards stopped him at the bottom of the steps for identification formality he uttered his piercing scream: ‘Heil Hitler!’

The shriek sent a shiver down my back.

As its echo died away an American colonel standing by the steps said sharply, ‘Ask the man his name.’ In response to the interpreter’s query Streicher shouted, ‘You know my name well.’

The interpreter repeated his request and the condemned man yelled, ‘Julius Streicher.’

As he reached the platform, Streicher cried out, ‘Now it goes to God.’ He was pushed the last two steps to the mortal spot beneath the hangman’s rope. The rope was being held back against a wooden rail by the hangman.

Streicher was swung suddenly to face the witnesses and glared at them. Suddenly he screamed, ‘Purim Fest 1946.’ [Purim is a Jewish holiday celebrated in the spring, commemorating the execution of Haman, ancient persecutor of the Jews described in the Old Testament.]

The American officer standing at the scaffold said, ‘Ask the man if he has any last words.’

When the interpreter had translated, Streicher shouted, ‘The Bolsheviks will hang you one day.’

When the black hood was raised over his head, Streicher’s muffled voice could be heard to say, ‘Adele, my dear wife.’

At that instant the trap opened with a loud bang. He went down kicking. When the rope snapped taut with the body swinging wildly, groans could be heard from within the concealed interior of the scaffold. Finally, the hangman, who had descended from the gallows platform, lifted the black canvas curtain and went inside. Something happened that put a stop to the groans and brought the rope to a standstill. After it was over I was not in the mood to ask what he did, but I assume that he grabbed the swinging body of and pulled down on it. We were all of the opinion that Streicher had strangled.

Then, following the removal of the corpse of Frick, who had been pronounced dead at 2.20 a.m., Fritz Sauckel was brought face to face with his doom.

Wearing a sweater with no coat and looking wild-eyed, Sauckel proved to be the most defiant of any except Streicher.

Here was the man who put millions into bondage on a scale unknown since the pre-Christian era. Gazing around the room from the gallows platform he suddenly screamed, ‘I am dying innocent. The sentence is wrong. God protect Germany and make Germany great again. Long live Germany! God protect my family.’

The trap was sprung at 2.26 a.m. and, as in the case of Streicher, there was a loud groan under the gallows pit as the noose snapped tightly under the weight of the body.

Ninth in the procession of death was Alfred Jodl. With the black coat-collar of his Wehrmacht uniform half turned up at the back as though hurriedly put on, Jodl entered the dismal death house with obvious signs of nervousness. He wet his lips constantly and his features were drawn and haggard as he walked, not nearly so steady as Keitel, up the gallows steps. Yet his voice was calm when he uttered his last six words on earth: ‘My greetings to you, my Germany.’

At 2.34 a.m. Jodl plunged into the black hole on the scaffold. He and Sauckel hung together until the latter was pronounced dead six minutes later and removed.

The Czechoslovak-born Seyss-Inquart, whom Hitler had made ruler of Holland and Austria, was the last actor to make his appearance in this unparalleled scene. He entered the chamber at 2.38 1/2 a.m., wearing glasses which made his face an easily remembered caricature.

He looked around with noticeable signs of unsteadiness as he limped on his left foot clubfoot to the gallows. He mounted the steps slowly, with guards helping him.

When he spoke his last words his voice was low but intense. He said, ‘I hope that this execution is the last act of the tragedy of the Second World War and that the lesson taken from this world war will be that peace and understanding should exist between peoples. I believe in Germany.’

He dropped to his death at 2:45 a.m.

With the bodies of Jodl and Seyss-Inquart still hanging, awaiting formal pronouncement of death, the gymnasium doors opened again and guards entered carrying Goering’s body on a stretcher.

He had succeeded in wrecking plans of the Allied Control Council to have him lead the parade of condemned Nazi chieftains to their death. But the council’s representatives were determined that Goering at least would take his place as a dead man beneath the shadow of the scaffold.

The guards carrying the stretcher set it down between the first and second gallows. Goering’s big bare feet stuck out from under the bottom end of a khaki-coloured United States Army blanket. One blue-silk-clad arm was hanging over the side.

The colonel in charge of the proceedings ordered the blanket removed so that witnesses and Allied correspondents could see for themselves that Goering was definitely dead. The Army did not want any legend to develop that Goering had managed to escape.

As the blanket came off it revealed Goering clad in black silk pyjamas with a blue jacket shirt over them, and this was soaking wet, apparently the results of efforts by prison doctors to revive him.

The face of this twentieth-century freebooting political racketeer was still contorted with the pain of his last agonizing moments and his final gesture of defiance.

They covered him up quickly and this Nazi warlord, who like a character out of the days of the Borgias, had wallowed in blood and beauty, passed behind a canvas curtain into the black pages of history.


Female Nazi war criminals. Graphic!

baru

draco
Pegawai

Post by draco on Oct 9, 2008 0:37:18 GMT -6

WARNING: CONTAINS GRAPHIC IMAGES OF EXCUTIONS.

Female Nazi war criminals.

Many of you will, I am sure, have heard of the Nuremberg trials (of the most senior Nazis), but there were many other lesser war criminals tried and in some cases executed by the Allies after the war. In total, 5,025 men and women were convicted of war crimes between 1945 and 1949 in the American, British and French zones, by Allied War Crimes Tribunals. Many of the staff from the concentration camps were arrested and tried for murder and acts of brutality against their prisoners. Over 500 of these were sentenced to death and the majority executed, at least 21 of these were female.

It was decided that those sentenced to die should suffer death by hanging, although no standard execution protocol was agreed. Each country carried out executions in accordance with its normal procedure. This led to the use of British style measured drop hanging in private, for those executed in the British sector, slow hanging in public or private for those in the Polish and Russian sectors and standard drop hanging in semi-private for those executed by the Americans at Nuremberg, Dachau and Landsberg. Some of the American hangings were televised and shown on the news.

Belsen Concentration Camp staff.
The Belsen Trial as it was known was conducted by the British Military Tribunal at No. 30 Lindentrasse, Lüneburg, in Germany from September 17th to November 17th, 1945.

He passed sentence on the women as follows "No. 6 Bormann, 7 Volkenrath, 9 Grese. The sentence of this court is that you suffer death by being hanged."
The executions were set for Friday, December the 13th, 1945 and were to be carried out at half hour intervals starting at 9.34 a.m. with Irma Grese, who at 21, was the youngest of the condemned prisoners, followed by Elisabeth Volkenrath at 10.03 a.m. and Juana Bormann at 10.38 a.m.


Ravensbrück concentration camp.

On the 2nd of May 1947 at Hameln jail, Pierrepoint hanged Elisabeth Marschall who was nearly 61 years old, followed by 39 year old Greta Bösel at 9.55 a.m. and then by 27 year old Dorothea Binz.

Ruth Closius was hanged at Hameln on the 29th of July 1948. Sixty year old Emma Zimmer, nee Menzel, was hanged there on the20th of September 1948 together with 36 year old Ida Bertha Schreiber. All 3 were hanged by Albert Pierrepoint.

Auschwitz Concentration Camp

On January 24th, 1948, all 21 prisoners were executed in groups of 5 or 6 within the Montelupich prison in Krakow. The hangings commenced at 7:09 a.m. with Maria Mandel and 4 male prisoners, Artur Liebehenschel, Hans Aumeier, Maximilian Grabner and Carl Möckel. Each prisoner in turn was made to mount a simple step up. When they were noosed, this was removed leaving them suspended, slowly strangling to death. The 4 men were hanged one at a time, followed by Maria Mandel.

The final group comprising of 5 men and the other condemned woman, Therese Rosi Brandl, went to the gallows at 8.48 a.m.

A further woman to be hanged at Krakow was 46 year old Elizabeth Lupka. She was executed on the 8th of January 1949 at 7.05 a.m. in the Montelupich prison in Krakow. Her body was also taken to the Medical School at the University of Krakow for use as an anatomical specimen by the medical students.

Stutthof Concentration Camp.

Found guilty of war crimes and sentenced to death. These were Johann Pauls, SS-Aufseherins Jenny Wanda Barkmann, Elisabeth Becker, Wanda Klaff, Ewa Paradies, Gerda Steinhoff.

They were publicly hanged before a large crowd, estimated at several thousand, at 5.00 p.m. on July 4th, 1946 at Biskupia Gorka hill near Danzig. A row of simple gallows had been set up in a large open area, 4 double ones with a triple gallows in the middle.

A simple cord noose was put round their necks and when the preparations were complete, each truck was driven forward leaving them suspended. They were not hooded and given only a short drop, and as can be seen from the photos, some of them struggled for some time after suspension.






There are records of at least four other women who were executed.
Else Lieschen Frieda Ehrich, who had been the women's camp commandant at Majdanek concentration camp, was hanged on the 26th of October 1948 in the prison at Lubin in Poland. Click here for photo.

Margot Dreschel was hanged by the Russians in May or June 1945 at Bautzen. She had last worked at the Ravensbruck subcamp of Neustadt-Glewe.

Ruth Elfriede Hildner was tried by the Extraordinary People's Court in Písek, Czechoslovakia on the 2nd of May 1947 and hanged 6 hours later, presumably using the pole hanging method. She had been a guard at Zwodau, a subcamp of Flossenburg, in Czechoslovakia.

Sydonia Bayer. Virtually nothing is known about this woman other that she trained at Ravensbrück and was tried and hanged in Poland.

Big Al
Cadet


How 'head hunter' executed 3,000 for Adolf Hitler then hanged Nazi war criminals for the Allies

The young girl moved impassively into the shadow of the guillotine which would end her life. It was 5pm on February 22, 1943, and darkness was already falling outside.

In the death chamber at Munich’s Stadelheim Prison, 21-year-old Sophie Scholl would pay with her life for distributing leaflets decrying Adolf Hitler .

“Such a fine, sunny day, and I have to go, but what does my death matter if through us, thousands of people are awakened and stirred to action?” said Sophie as her executioner looked on.

In a long black coat, white shirt, black bow tie and top hat, Johann Reichhart was just three years older than the girl whose life he was about to end.

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Reichhart took 3,165 lives during his time as Germany’s chief executioner. Ironically, after the collapse of the Third Reich , he would hang some of those he once served, Nazi war criminals, on behalf of the victorious Allies.

The beheadings of Sophie Scholl, her brother Hans and a third member of The White Rose, their student resistance group, were among 2,873 executions he carried out in the Second World War.

“Head Hunter” Reichhart’s extraordinary life is the subject of The Curse Of Hitler’s Executioner, the first episode of a new series of Forbidden History, on the Yesterday channel tonight.

Marc von Luke, a journalist who has written about Reichhart, said: “He killed quickly, efficiently and without remorse. Under the Nazi regime, Johann Reichhart despatched criminals and resistance fighters, and after the end of the war he hung up Nazis for the Allies. Until the end of his life, he believed in the benefits of the death penalty.

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“Reichhart had the ambition to become the best hangman in Germany, sure that he was a master of his art. No one was going to kill faster than he did.

“He served the Nazis, but he served the Weimar Republic and the Allies too. It was the profession which was important, not the government of the day. He was simply good at his job.”

Reichhart was born on April 29, 1893, in Wichenbach into a family of executioners going back eight generations.

In the First World War, he served in the trenches. In peacetime he was a driver, butcher and pub landlord.

On March 23, 1924, he applied to the Bavarian State Ministry of Justice in Munich for the position of executioner after the retirement of his uncle Xavier.

The administration promised him 150 Goldmarks for each execution, and announced: “From April 1, 1924, Reichhart takes over the execution of all death sentences coming in the Free State of Bavaria to the execution by beheading with the guillotine.”

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His career began on July 4, 1924, when he beheaded Rupert Fischer and Andreas Hutterer for murder.

He had practised with mannequins and a corpse but now was the real thing.

Reichhart positioned Fischer exactly beneath the guillotine blade hanging eight feet above him.

He released the locking lever and the blade whooshed down, severing Fischer’s head, which rolled into a basket as Reichhart pronounced the words he would recite over and over in the coming years: “The verdict is executed.”

A series of life imprisonments and pardons towards the end of the 1920s caused him to write to bosses in 1929: “My last execution was in Kempten on January 20, 1928. Since all the murderers condemned to death had been pardoned, I was so hindered in my business journeys that I did not earned a penny for a week.”

He gave it up that year and went to Holland, where he became a fruit and veg salesman. But he returned to his true calling after Hitler became Chancellor in January 1933.

He joined several Nazi organisations, such as the party’s motoring corps, but did not become a party member until 1937.

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He was soon an integral cog in the state machinery of terror and death, and was given an Opel Blitz to get to execution sites as the Nazis despatched their enemies one by one.

Reichhart invented a device called the “double detective tongs” – a metal clamp which held the prisoner beneath the guillotine instead of rope. He got an execution down to four seconds flat.

During the war his record for the most executions in one day was 32. He was so determined to be punctual at all his “appointments” he asked the transport ministry if he could be spared speeding tickets. His request was denied.

In 1943, he performed 764 decapitations as one of three executioners employed in the Third Reich. Southern Germany, Austria, and the Bohemia region of the Czech Republic were his domain.

After the failed assassination attempt on Hitler in 1944, the bloodlust of the Nazis increased. Reichhart was ordered to Berlin as the officers and intellectuals bound up in Operation Valkyrie – the plot to overthrow of the Nazi state – were snuffed out.

Reichhart was married and had three children. One of his sons, Hans, would commit suicide in 1950 because of the “taint” of his father’s profession, and the siblings recalled the taunts of other children at school: “Headcutter, headcutter, your dad’s a headcutter!”

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Traitors, defeatists, those who listened to the BBC on the radio – all fell victim to the man dubbed “Head Hunter”.

But when the Reich collapsed in 1945, new masters came for him. In May that year, American soldiers, calling him a “Nazi bastard,” took him into custody.

He was not behind bars for long. His unique skill made him useful to the Allies and, in their service, he ended the lives of 156 low-rank Nazi war criminals.

The first of these to die by hanging were three German civilians, executed in November 1945 for killing downed American pilots.

Later Reichhart had to justify himself at a de-Nazification court, where he said: “I have carried out death sentences in the firm conviction that I should serve the state with my work, and to comply with lawfully enacted laws. I never doubted the legality of what I was doing.”

Jamie Theakston, who presents Forbidden History, believes Riechhart embodied the dark side of German efficiency. He says: “Reichhart developed his own guillotine modelled on the traditional French guillotine, but lighter and more mobile. It’s horrific to think of it.

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“He was very proud of what he did. He felt he was doing an important service.

“One of the reasons he ended up working for the Allies was that there were not a lot of people prepared to do that kind of thing.”

The death penalty was outlawed in West Germany’s constitution in 1949, but Reichhart supported its reintroduction in the 1960s after a series of taxi driver murders.

Reichhart ended his days alone and lonvely, first breeding dogs and making perfume, and later being looked after in a care home near Munich, where he died in 1972.


Amon Göth

Editor kami akan menyemak apa yang telah anda kirimkan dan menentukan apakah akan menyemak semula artikel tersebut.

Amon Göth, in full Amon Leopold Göth, Göth also spelled Goeth, (born December 11, 1908, Vienna, Austria—died September 13, 1946, Kraków, Poland), Austrian Nazi officer who was commandant of Plaszow concentration camp in Poland. Decades after his execution for war crimes, Göth became widely known as the principal adversary of Oskar Schindler, the industrialist who shielded a group of Jews during the Holocaust.

Göth was the son of a prosperous publisher in Vienna. In 1931 he became a member of the Austrian Nazi Party, having earlier served in the party’s youth chapter. About a year later he joined the SS, the elite paramilitary corps of the Nazi movement. After engaging in illegal SS actions in Austria, he fled to Germany. In 1938, when the Anschluss brought Austria into the Third Reich, he returned to Vienna. He then married for the second time, and his family remained in Vienna through World War II.

Göth rose steadily through the SS ranks, earning a promotion to untersturmführer (equivalent to second lieutenant) in 1941 and joining Operation Reinhard, the Nazi campaign to kill the Jews of occupied Poland, in 1942. He was made commandant of Plaszow in February 1943 but remained active elsewhere, supervising the violent closings of the Kraków ghetto (March 1943), the Tarnów ghetto, and the Szebnie concentration camp (both in September 1943). His performance so pleased his superiors that he was promoted two ranks to hauptsturmführer (equivalent to army captain) in summer 1943.

In Plaszow, Göth had many prisoners killed as punishment for infractions, but he also killed randomly and capriciously. From the balcony of his villa, he took target practice with his rifle on prisoners as they moved about the camp. According to some reports, he had his Jewish dog handler executed because the dogs—Great Danes trained to kill prisoners on command—preferred the handler’s company to his own. Göth also mixed corruption with cruelty, selling on the black market many of the rations intended to feed his prisoners.

Oskar Schindler’s enamelware factory, staffed with Jewish slave labour, was moved adjacent to the Plaszow camp after the closing of the Kraków ghetto. Schindler adroitly cultivated Göth, carousing with him and his staff at parties and handing over large bribes to secure better treatment for the enamelware workers. Eventually Göth allowed Schindler’s workers to move to a barracks outside the camp, where their chance for survival improved greatly.

In September 1944 Göth was arrested for brutality and corruption (withholding of loot from the SS), and he was held in Breslau (Wrocław) until October. After being diagnosed with diabetes, he was sent to an SS sanitarium in Bad Tölz, Germany, where he was arrested by U.S. troops in early 1945. The Americans turned him over to the restored Polish government, which then tried him for war crimes, most notably the killing of more than 10,000 people in the Plaszow and Szebnie camps and in the Kraków and Tarnów ghettos. Göth’s defense was that he was only following orders. After the brief trial, he was convicted on September 5, 1946, and hanged eight days later.

Göth’s crimes were not well known outside the field of Holocaust studies until the publication of Thomas Keneally’s novel Schindler’s Ark (1982) and the release of Steven Spielberg’s film adaptation, Schindler’s List (1993) Ralph Fiennes received an Academy Award nomination for his chilling performance as Göth.


Rare Photos of Infamous Nazi War Criminals Emerge

The shots showed some of the notorious henchmen of German dictator Adolf Hitler like Albert Speer and Rudolf Hess in chains being led off a plane in Berlin in 1946 the photos were taken after the end of the Nuremberg War Trials.

The said British officer who owned these pictures of Nazi key members being handcuffed to guards was Brigadier Geoffrey Ingham. He took them while he was assigned as in-charge of prisons in post-war Germany.

Aside from Hess and Speer, Ingham also took photos of other Nazi officers including Admiral Karl Von Doernitz who succeeded Hitler after his suicide.

The photos, in black and white, were part of Mr. Ingham’s collection which were brought to light for the first time on their impending auction at Devon.

Brian Goodison-Blanks of the Bearnes Hampton and Littlewood auctioneers stated that the said photos fo Nazi war criminals in chains provide a very interesting glimpse at the career of the British brigadier who once owned them.

He further added that one of the main features of Mr. Ingham’s compilation is a photo of Albert Pierrepoint, a famous British executioner who was responsible for hanging hundreds of Nazi war criminals after WWII.

Mr. Pierrepoint’s picture had this annotation in Mr. Ingham’s handwriting: “He hanged nearly 300 war prisoners for me.”

“Ingham oversaw and dealt with all the prisoners of war after World War Two had ended.

He also dealt with transporting the Nazi war criminals to prison after they had been sentenced.

But the highlights are the photograph of Pierrepoint with the handwritten annotation and the seven major Nazi war criminals at the airfield from Nuremberg.

“Many collectors would be delighted to own such a find,” Mr. Goodison-Blanks commented.

Hess, one of the Nazi war criminals in Mr. Ingham’s photos, was found guilty of crimes against peace and was given a life sentence. He served this at Berlin’s Spandau Prison. However, he committed suicide while serving that said sentence in 1987 – he was 93.

One of the other Nazi war criminals, Speer, was sentenced to 20 years in prison for the role he played during the reign of the Nazi regime. He died shortly after his release in 1981 – cause of death: natural.

Mr. Ingham, born on 1897, served in the West Kent Regiment during WWII.

He was also assigned in the Central Commission in West Germany as Controller-General of the Penal Branch.

As a Military Police member, he was given charge for 250 prisons with a total of about 40,000 prisoners. It was during this assignment that he took these incredible photos of handcuffed Nazi war criminals.

He left his photo collection along with his war medals – GV Defense and Victory Medal, India General Service medal with Waziristan bar and the 1939-45 Star for his services, GVI Defense Medal and War Medal with oak leaf, 1953 Coronation medal and corresponding miniature – to his nephew upon his death in 1971.

Mr. Ingham’s WWII medals and some of his annotated photos to go on auction. (Photo Credit: Express/BNPS)

His album of photo collections during his career in the British army along with his medals will go under the gavel February 19 and would have likely fetch up to £700.


Ten Nazi war criminals executed, one committed suicide after the Nuremberg trials in 1946

Nurnberg, Oct. 16 - Former Reichmarshal Hermann Wilhelm Goering cheated the gallows of Allied justice by committing suicide in his prison cell shortly before the 10 other condemned Nazi leaders were hanged in the courtyard of Nurnberg jail early today.

Goering swallowed cyanide of potassium hidden in a copper cartridge shell while lying on a cot in his cell at 10:45 P.M. last night (4:45 P.M. Tuesday New York time).

The once number 2 man in the Nazi hierarchy defeated Allied justice by a matter of minutes. He was found dead just before his death sentence was to have been read out again to him and only two hours before he was scheduled to have been dropped through the trap-door of a gallows erected in a small gymnasium standing in the jail yard.

Joachim von Ribbentrop, Foreign Minister in the ill-starred regime of Adolf Hitler, took Goering's place as first on the scaffold.

Last to depart this life in a total span of just about two hours was Arthur Seyss-Inquart, former gauleiter of Holland and Austria.

In between these two once-powerful leaders the hallows claimed Field Marshal Gen. Wilhelm Keitel, Ernest Kaltenbrunner, once head of the Nazi's security police Alfred Rosenberg, arch-priest of Nazi culture in foreign lands Hans Frank, gauleiter of Poland Wilhelm Frick, Nazi Minister of the Interior Fritz Sauckel, boss of slave labor Col. Gen. Alfred Jodl and Julius Streicher, who bossed the anti-semitism of the Reich.

All of the 10 went with apparent stoicism.

They made brief statements on the "Long Live Germany" pattern made familiar during their trial of more than 10 months.

Most of the executed men endeavored to show their bravery, most were bitterly defiant and some grimly resigned, while others begged the Almighty for mercy.

The only one, however, to make any reference to Hitler or the Nazi ideology in the final moments was Julius Streicher, the Jew-baiter of Nurnberg.

Died Like Himmler.

Streicher screamed "Heil Hitler" at the stop of his lungs as he was about to mount the steps leading to the gallows.

Goering was able to kill himself in precisely the same manner as former Gestapo leader Heinrich Himmler did away with himself soon after Germany's surrender in May, 1945.

Despite the fact that an American security guard was supposed to be watching his every move, the crown prince of Nazidom managed to place in his mouth, chew and swallow the vial of deadly potassium cyanide.

Goering took the lethal draft while Col. Burton C. Andrus, American Security commandant, was walking across the prison yard to the deathrow block to read to him and the 10 others condemned men the official sentenced of death handed down by the International Military Tribunal and confirmed by the Allied Control Council.


Walter Robert Dornberger (1895 &ndash 1980) was a German artillery officer and WW2 Major General, who was in charge of the manufacture and deployment of the Nazis&rsquo V-2 rockets. He also played a prominent role in other projects at the German rocket research center in Peenemunde. He used slave labor in his projects, and tens of thousands of his slaves were worked to death, perished of maltreatment, or were executed in Dornberger&rsquos hellish factories and worksites.

Dornberger had enlisted in the German army at the outbreak of WWI, was captured late in the war, and spent two years in French POW camps. Upon his release, he remained in the army, which sent him to study ballistics and engineering, and he became one of Germany&rsquos leading ballistics experts. He was put in charge of developing rockets, and in the 1930s he teamed up with the brilliant Wernher Von Braun, and began perfecting the rocket engine.

In 1937, the rocket program was relocated to Peenemunde, where the first V-2 was successfully tested in 1942. Dornberger was in charge of deploying the V-2s, and he directed the firing of roughly 3000 rockets at London, Amsterdam, and other urban areas during the war. About 2800 people were killed by the V-2s, most of them civilians. In a sad irony, more people died manufacturing the V-2s than were killed by the missiles. Dornberger, who was put in charge of V-2 production, had made ruthless use of slave labor, and tens of thousands of his workforce had died in atrocious working conditions.

After the war, Dornberger was arrested by the British and held for two years while being interrogated for war crimes. He got away with it, however, when Wernher Von Braun, the brilliant rocket expert who was one of the first Germans secretly sent to the US in Operation Paperclip personally requested Dornberger&rsquos assistance. So the British released him into American custody, and Dornberger was secretly brought to the US. He became chief of the US Army&rsquos Weapons Department, and was put in charge of America&rsquos V-2 missile development program.

Afterwards, Dornberger spent 15 years as director of R&D at Bell Aircraft Corporation, helped develop the world&rsquos first air-to-surface nuclear missile, and played a role in creating the Space Shuttle. Upon retirement, he lived in Mexico, then returned to Germany, where he died in 1980. All in all, he had a highly fulfilling postwar career, despite his war crimes &ndash for which he had at least been detained for a couple years while being interrogated. As will be seen in the next entry, Wernher Von Braun, who sprung Dornberger from British custody and got him into the US, got away scot free with his war crimes.

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